PBS will be airing a documentary series on ACE's. If you do not have this station at home, each episode is available to watch online after it has aired (https://www.tpt.org/whole-people/).
The Documentary Series Whole People airs Sunday nights on TPT MN at 7 p.m. (CST) beginning January 13 running through February 10, 2019.
The documentary series is the result of a three-year partnership between CentraCare and TPT MN.
Watch the Documentaries
Episode #1 (January 13th)
Episode #2 (January 20th)
Episode #3 (January 27th)
Episode #4 (February 3rd)
Episode #5 (February 10th)
The Buncombe ACE Learning Collaborative has gathered several tools and short videos demonstrating how to build resilience. These are excellent resources and the website is a good resource.
"This Working Paper from the National Scientific Council on the Developing Child explains the science behind motivation–the “wanting” system and the “liking” system–as well as how those systems develop, and how that development can be disrupted. It also dives into the implications of the science for parents, caregivers, and teachers, as well as policy and public systems." Developing Child
Center for Health Care Strategies, CHCS, developed with support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the resource center to provide a one-stop information hub for health care organizations interested in implementing a trauma-informed approach to care.
This website explains what EMDR therapy is and how it can be used to treat addictions.
America’s Job Honor Awards celebrates people who overcome barriers to employment, and the employers who hire them. The 2018 Employer Award goes to a TIC Project Stakeholder member, Broadlawns Medical Center in Des Moines. The following is taken from Job Honors announcement,"Broadlawns Medical Center is located in one of the poorest neighborhoods in Central Iowa, in the heart of a diverse multi-cultural community. “We look at Broadlawns as the anchor for the North side,” says President & CEO Jody Jenner, “as an organization that can give this part of the community hope.”
To improve the health and economic vitality of the local neighborhood, Broadlawns collaborated with Urban Dreams and Central Iowa HealthWorks to launch TECH and TEACH: programs that offer training and potential employment to people with barriers including criminal convictions. “Broadlawns opened the door for me and changed the trajectory of my life,” says Saleem Hamilton, healthcare tech at Broadlawns, “It’s like the butterfly effect: many lives are affected in so many different ways.” View the video
Mid Iowa Health, a TIC Project Stakeholder, has published a report on how the ACE study sparked action to improve our community health. Many of the agencies who are highlighted are also TIC Project Stakeholders
The Traumatic Stress Institute (TSI) of Klingberg Family Centers promotes excellence in trauma-informed services both within Klingberg and to organizations nationally and internationally who treat clients with histories of psychological trauma and attachment disruptions.
Science Daily, June 6, 2018, reports that "in one of the first studies to examine the effect of both socioeconomic status and neighborhoods on children's health, researchers found that living in higher opportunity neighborhoods may protect children from some of the negative health impacts associated with growing up poor"
On the TEND website this is a guided web-based program developed by Dr. Patricia Fisher, R. Psych., L. Psych. "The ORGANIZATIONAL HEALTH ROADMAP provides a guided 10-module program that supports your leaders and managers as you develop a practical and sustainable action plan to meet the specific need and circumstances of your team."
Reny Fuentas of Sonoma County Aces Connection community, explains how the study "Stress-related hormone cortisol lowers significantly after just 45 minutes of art creation" applies their work and how the Nurse Practitioner Program uses art to soothe nervous systems from past traumas.
This study published in Art Therapy Journal of the American Art Therapy Association, 33:2 looks at the impact of visual art making on the cortisol levels of 39 healthy adults.
"Research and best practices are showing promise in trauma assessments and multi-generational supports in the pediatric and family practice health care. This project seeks to develop a health sector strategy in the pediatric and family practice field for clinic-based trauma-informed practices."( from the introduction to the Pediatric Guide)
Jane Morrow, ED of Smart Start of New Hanover County, and Julie Ozier, Clinical Services & Forensic Interview Supervisor of Carousel Center discuss the impact of ACEs and some interventions their community is doing to build resilience. The interview is 50 minutes long.
In the late afternoon on Feb. 26, the House of Representatives unanimously passed H. Res. 443, a resolution recognizing the importance and effectiveness of trauma-informed care and calling for a national trauma awareness month and trauma-informed awareness day.
In this blog post on ACEs Connection, Dr. Jim Walters and educator in the St. Louis area offers his 3 step process on incorporating trauma informed care into school-wide practices which are already in place.
An article in Curbed discuses a nationwide effort funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation that kicked off this past fall, Raising Places is giving six different communities $60,000 each, to help develop programs that support healthy childhoods. This illustrates all four elements of Trauma Informed Care on a systems level: Connect (Relationships), Protect (Safety & Trustworthiness), Respect (Choice & Collaboration), and Redirect (Skill Building & Competence).
Webinar series developed by NCTSN to help clinicians, counselors and other helpers to deal with the complex problems that traumatized children and families encounter. The therapist are real, the families are actors in these segments.
The consequences of adversity can last a lifetime -- but they don’t have to. Children and communities can heal if the right supports are in place -- at home, in the community, at school, and in the doctor’s office. This company's goal is to support leading thinkers across clinical and community settings to design, test and scale the most effective ways to address childhood trauma.
"Treating employees respectfully helped Campbell Soup recover from a low point in 2001, write Doug Conant, former Campbell CEO, and Christine Porath. By publicly valuing employees under the principle of civility and setting clear relationship expectations, the company started regaining employees' trust." This is another example of a for profit business applying the TIC Principles without calling it TIC.
Building a strong corporate reputation can mean reduced turnover and increased valuation and revenue, writes Denise Lee Yohn. She defines reputation as "the collective assessments of a corporation's past actions and the ability of the company to deliver future results." While the article doesn't say trauma informed care, the principles of TIC (Connect, Protect, Respect, Teach/Reinforce)are being applied to a for profit businesses.
This portal contains an in-depth look at the various types of trauma both adults and children can face, it’s impacts on sleep as well as expert advice on ways for dealing with it.
Sen. Dave Marsden of Virginia writes about the difficulties of changing a system but also the rewards of that change by using Restorative Justice. He says "Restorative justice used in this way brings county agencies, nonprofits and families together in responding to unacceptable criminal behavior in ways that improve a child’s opportunity for a better life outcome. Diversion gets services to kids quickly and sends a positive message to the child that he is not inherently bad but has made a mistake that can be rectified in ways that meet the goals of public safety, education and rehabilitation."
Sesame Street has developed videos and resources for providers and caregivers to use with children who are experiencing "big feelings", reminding us that we are not alone.
Sally Abrahms article on the Nextavenue website describes the importance of grandparents and other relatives in caring for children who have been exposed to trauma.
A new study published in 2017 on the State of Grandfamilies report entitled "In Loving Arms". This study looks at the important role in mitigating trauma when grandparents or other relatives step in to help care for children.
An article in the Huffington Post reports on research out of Germany suggest that the production of visual art helps the functionality of the brain and may increase the psychological resilience.
Brown Bag Webinar Series:
Mobilizing Action for Resilient Communities is pleased to announce a series of webinars featuring our 11 national advisors. In each of these short 45-minute sessions, one of our advisors will share some of their expertise and engage in dialogue with you on key strategies for creating just, healthy and resilient communities.
This article from the Denver Post describes a new approach to the chronically homeless in Denver, Colorado. This trauma informed designed apartment building will soon house individuals who have lived on the streets for years. It is bright, has a safe courtyard and nothing that looks like a "dark alley or shadowy stairwell."
A Guide to Workplace Bullying (from UK) which provides very helpful advice and information for people who may have experienced or continue to experience bullying or discrimination at work.
This toolkit is from the Center for Disability Services a member of the group “Healthy Environments And Relationships That Support” (HEARTS) Initiative, of New York State’s Greater Capital Region. "Research has shown that people with intellectual/developmental disabilities (IDD) are at significantly more risk of abuse and neglect than is the general population. Chapter 1 offers information and a guide for direct support professionals to enhance their wellness and resiliency. Chapter 2 provides background information as to the problem of ACEs and the evidence that the problem is magnified further in the field of IDD. Chapter 3 provides guidance for trauma informed behavioral planning. Chapter 4 is geared at offering direction for planning for agency administrators, quality assurance staff, and interested others."
This ACEs connection blog references Anthony Breznican's tribute to Mr. Rogers on PBS News Friday May 26th. Remember to look for the helpers in troubling times, build community.
NCTSN has provided an excellent resource to discuss complex trauma, provide activities and additional resources.
"When child welfare systems infuse trauma-informed care into everything they do, kids experience fewer placements and fare better in foster care, according to new Casey-funded research." Annie E. Casey Foundation 4-20-17.
The Attachment Trauma Center Institute, LLC (ATCI) provides quality resources, training, and consultation in the field of trauma and attachment. Based in Omaha, Nebraska, Debra Wesselmann, MS, LIMHP, Cathy Schweitzer, MS, LIMHP and Stefanie Armstrong, MS, LIMHP are co-founders of The Attachment and Trauma Center of Nebraska and the ATCI. They are national and international presenters and are certified EMDR consultants. They have developed an EMDR and family therapy integrative model for effective treatment of attachment trauma in children and have co-authored a clinician treatment manual and accompanying parent guide for raising traumatized children.
The Spring IMPACT reviews where it all started and the collaborative efforts to succeed in providing trauma informed resources to individuals.
The alternative high school in Des Moines is using grant money to become a safer place for students who are experiencing trauma at home. The money will help make staff more aware of how troubles outside the class are linked to behavior inside. Click on the title to read more.
What does resiliency really mean? This site goes into the many aspects of resiliency and how it can be put into practice.
This guide from the Children's Safety Network divides selected resources into seven main sections: (1) Organizations, (2) Policy and Legislation, (3) Evidence-Based Practices, (4) Program Planning, (5) Campaigns, (6) Data and Research, and (7) Resources and Publications.
A publication from NCTSN on the following topics: How foster parents enhance data on the impact of trauma on children and adolescents, what trauma patterns are emerging from data, update on Chaddock's CDS efforts, data on refugee experience, and site pilots of CIMI.
This site helps parents become trauma informed so that they can better help their children heal.
This blog talks about how a school psychologist, Dr. Allen Mendler uses 2 x 10 method to connect with students. "Take 2 minutes a day for 10 consecutive days to engage a student in a personal conversation".
The Trauma-Informed Organizational Toolkit, a product from AIR’s National Center on Family Homelessness, gives programs a roadmap for becoming trauma-informed. The toolkit offers concrete guidelines so that organizations can assess if they are responding appropriately to the needs of families who have experienced traumatic stress
The mental health of infant and children is an important area. This website has many resources available to promote the growth and development of children/families and the professionals who work with them
Governor Rauner has signed the bill on January 20 which goes into effect June 1 of this year.
This law will require the Department of Public Health to develop regulations to include age-appropriate social and emotional screenings along with the other health exams such as dental and eye to all school age children in the state.
An article in The Chronicle points out that children can suffer a huge loss when their parents separate that can last for years. Separation from a parent is one of the adverse childhood experiences which can contribute to emotional trauma if not addressed.
This article and pod cast pair tell the story about how one school changed the way they did things to help kids engage in studies by becoming a Trauma Informed School.
Lifelong health is determined by more than just our genes: experiences at sensitive periods of development change the brain in ways that increase or decrease risk for later physical and mental illness, including addiction. That finding is the premise of the Brain Story, which puts scientific concepts into a narrative that is salient to both expert and non-expert audiences. The Brain Story synthesizes decades of research and reflects a body of knowledge that experts agree is useful for policy makers and citizens to understand.
The Alberta Family Wellness Initiative has developed two online courses to make Brain Story science available to professionals and the public. One course is available now. The second, more basic course will be available in 2017. This course is 30 hours of instructional time from 30 leading experts in neurobiology and mental health. It is absolutely FREE to participants!
This link will connect to the National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors webpage which is housing the webinar series from NCTIC. SAMHSA’s National Center for Trauma-Informed Care (NCTIC) hosted a series of three 75-minute webinars in September 2014 that introduced key concepts in NCTIC’s day-long Trauma-Informed Peer Support (TIPS) training:"Trauma and its impact/ Cultural Considerations", "Peer support basics /Trauma-informed practices, and "Applying Trauma-Informed Practices to Peer Support". The primary audience are people who provide peer support - including people working as peer specialists or in similar roles, people involved in independent peer support groups, and people working in or receiving services from peer-run programs. The series is also of interest to administrators, clinicians, and supervisors in organizations that employ peer specialists and people in similar roles, or those interested in incorporating trauma-informed peer support into their programs
This article from Social Justice Solutions written by Anndee Hochman, shows how different business leaders have connected ACEs to their business success and what they have done to help build resiliency in their employees.
This quick read article by Karen Zgoda, Pat Shelly, and Shelley Hitzel dives into how macro level Social Work policy can help protect service recipients and service providers at the same time.
Vroom was developed by a group of dedicated scientists, community leaders and trusted brands, with input from community organizations and families like yours. Together, we're providing parents and caregivers with ways to boost early learning. Vroom turns shared moments into brain building moments. Whether it’s mealtime, bathtime, or anytime in between, there are always ways to nurture our children's growing minds.
This one hour webinar for Iowa Providers of Community Partners by Gladys Noll Alvarez LISW, Trauma Informed Project Coordinator, provides a framework on how Organizations can begin the journey of practicing trauma informed care.
The Central Iowa ACEs 360 Coalition has released a new report examining three years of Iowa data on childhood trauma and the link to poor adult health, mental health and health-risk behaviors. This new report provides a broader picture of how ACEs impact Iowa adults across the state, reveals how ACEs is likely impacting Iowa youth at similar rates, and showcases emerging response strategies in Iowa communities.
In April, the World Health Organization released a groundbreaking study that established a definitive link between mental health and economic productivity. The findings were both depressing and hopeful. On the downside, depression and anxiety disorders cost the world nearly U.S. $1 trillion annually . On the upside, every dollar invested in treating those disorders leads to a return of $4 in terms of the ability to work and thus contribute to the economy.
From NCTSN: "It is a priority to strengthen the professional systems to support LGBTQ youth after sexual assault and other traumas that these youth commonly experience. This 13-minute video features five LGBTQ youth who discuss details of their own trauma experiences related to their respective LGBTQ identities, how they gained resilience, and how professionals helped them in this regard"
This article is found in the Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 4:1, 34-51. The abstract states, "The Attachment, Self Regulation, and Competency (ARC) Framework is a theoretically grounded, evidence-informed, promising practice used to treat complex trauma in children and adolescents. This article introduces the ARC model and describes its application with young children of diverse ethnocultural backgrounds involved in the child protection system due to maltreatment. Examination of the clinical application of the ARC model with this population underscores the importance of grounding child complex trauma treatment in the caregiving system. Strategies for successful clinical intervention are identified, with attention devoted to cultural and systemic resources to advance the treatment process. This article presents preliminary evidence of the effectiveness of the ARC model derived from program evaluation conducted at a community-based clinic."
An article/blog on ACEs Connection which starts with a quote from Viktor Frabkl written by Vic Compher. It describes the need for agencies to provide a space for employees to take care of themselves and gives examples of how some agencies are doing this.
The Trauma Informed Excellence® (TIE) model is an online training series designed to provide organizations and systems of care with the knowledge and skills to fully integrate the trauma informed paradigm into their operations. Developed by the Coldspring Center for Social and Health Innovation, the TIE Series encompasses cutting edge research on trauma's impact on the brain and human development, self-care, and leadership. The TIE Series is a truly innovative approach to aligning knowledge and practice with recent developments in neurobiology, human performance, leadership, genetics, and psychology. Click on the link to learn more.
Beyond ACEs: Building Hope & Resiliency in Iowa is the Executive Summary of the current ACEs data gathered in Iowa during 2012-2014. funding was provided by Mid Iowa Health Foundation and United Way of Central Iowa.
Webinar completed by our very own Gladys Alvarez. This presentation is an example of a typical training that we might do. This one is about 1 hour and 20 minutes. The video did not pick up the first minute so please hang tight!
: Young children face new challenges at every age and stage—that's why it's so important to help them build the skills they need to become resilient. With self-confidence and the ability to express themselves, little ones will be able to handle whatever may come their way…and will just keep getting stronger.
This link will take you to the NCTSN's refugee trauma web page. There are resources on what trauma core stressors are; resources for assessment and mental health issues, and guidance materials for various disciplines like schools, mental health, and primary care. If you are working with refugees this site will be beneficial for you to explore.
Child Welfare Information Gateway has recently released an issue brief, Developing a Trauma-Informed Child Welfare System, "that summaries the effects of trauma on children and discusses some of the primary areas of consideration in that process, including workforce development, screening and assessment, data systems, evidence-based and evidence informed treatments, and funding."
The University of Buffalo School of Social Work has a wonderful resource for their students and community. It gives helpful ways to look at self care, has assessments, techniques and other resources.
This short article on the Attachment Network Inc. website helps parents think about what to tell teachers about their kids in order to help create a trauma sensitive school.
Richard G. Dudley, Jr., MD summarizes" the current understanding of the effects of ongoing trauma on young children, how these effects impair adolescent and young adult functioning, and the possible implications of this for policing." This is the first in a series of papers.
This article talks about studies have linked empathy with greater client satisfaction, better outcomes, reduced physician burn out and fewer malpractice claims.
This website provides a list of books and activities to do with these books which can help with the seven essential life skills every child needs: Focus on Self Control; Perspective Taking; Communication; Making Connections; Critical Thinking; Taking on Challenges; Self Directed Engaged Learning.
This article discusses alternatives used in California schools as alternatives to suspensions which are positively increasing student behavior and academic performances.
This 15 minute Ted Talk explains that childhood trauma isn’t something you just get over as you grow up. Pediatrician Nadine Burke Harris explains that the repeated stress of abuse, neglect and parents struggling with mental health or substance abuse issues has real, tangible effects on the development of the brain. This unfolds across a lifetime, to the point where those who’ve experienced high levels of trauma are at triple the risk for heart disease and lung cancer.
This article in Science Digest discusses the results of a study from the December issue of the journal Health Affairs. It states "nearly half of all children in the United States are exposed to at least one social or family experience that can lead to traumatic stress and impact their healthy development.
A new study surveyed pediatric trauma nurses, revealing that they are knowledgeable about practicing trauma-informed care, but need additional training to help families cope after a child's injury. This link is to Science Digest with a review of the study.
Check out this organization in Tennessee and all of the great work they are doing with Trauma Informed Care. You can download free resources and they include contact information for further training opportunities.
Want to see how communities are implementing Trauma Informed Care and the Sanctuary Model? This is the website for you. See what is happening in the North West United States and how one community is making a state-wide impact.
This article describes how quiet time in middle and high schools in the San Francisco area has calmed the student body, reduced suspensions and increased attendance. Quiet time, mediation or mindfulness is a trauma informed intervention/practice which can be used successfully in the school system
This blog on ACES Connection describes US Sen. Heitkamp's experience after leaving a briefing on childhood trauma in Indian country. The blog describes important steps in the Indian school district and other programs to deal with and reduce trauma.
This link takes you to Science Daily website on the study published in the December issue of the journal Health Affairs.
This link to the Center on the Developing Child "is a multi-part series of journalistic articles planned and commissioned by the Center, examines how policymakers, researchers, and practitioners in the field are re-thinking services for children and families based on the science of early childhood development and an understanding of the consequences of adverse early experiences and toxic stress".
The National Technical Assistance Center for Children’s Mental Health at Georgetown University and the JBS International, including NCTSN members, have created a comprehensive web-based, video-enhanced resource tool: Trauma Informed Care: Perspectives and Resources. This tool—comprised of issue briefs, video interviews, and resource lists—offers guidance and resources to help child-serving systems and provider organizations become more trauma in-formed.
RSAT Training Tool: Trauma Informed Approaches in Correctional Settings. To increase the knowledge across disciplines of the relationship between substance abuse and trauma in jails, prisons, and aftercare settings. Nikki Miller, M.S 2011
Working with Refugees? This toolkit by NCTSN helps us understand the definitions of a refugee and teaches us how to look through a trauma lens while working with this population.
The Trauma and Learning Policy Initiative’s (TLPI) mission is to ensure that children traumatized by exposure to family violence and other adverse childhood experiences succeed in school. This website is designed to help schools become trauma sensitive and to give resources to schools in this endeavor.
The National Center for Trauma-Informed Care and Alternatives to Seclusion and Restraint (NCTIC) is a technical assistance center dedicated to promoting alternatives to seclusion and restraint, and building the knowledge base on the implementation of trauma-informed approaches in programs, services, and systems.
The modules were developed in partnership with Quality Assist in Atlanta and Amber Payne (a consultant), with funding from Iowa’s Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program. The Central Iowa ACEs 360 Steering Committee and an advisory team from our prevention network provided valuable feedback along the way. One is on The ACE Study and its implications. The other looks at child abuse prevention as a response to ACEs.Taking these online courses requires initial registration with ISU extension, but they are open to anyone at no cost. They include Iowa-specific data and videos, along with many other interactive features. Each course can take about 2-4 hours to complete, with the opportunity to leave and return as you’d like.
Brené Brown studies human connection — our ability to empathize, belong, love. In a poignant, funny talk, she shares a deep insight from her research, one that sent her on a personal quest to know herself as well as to understand humanity. A talk to share.
A 2 hour webinar presented by Gladys Alvarez LISW and Becca Sloan LISW for CCRR. This training goes over the definition of Trauma Informed Care, the four types of trauma, the impact of trauma on brain development, the ACE Study/Iowa ACE data, types of interventions and the importance of self care.
New America Media presents portraits of parents returning home from incarceration through the eyes of their children.
The single most accurate predictor for successful re-entry is strong family bonds. And no group has a stronger vested interest in re-establishing relations with ex-prisoners than their children. Like children of divorce, they bear the brunt of separation and yearn for an integrated family life. With the recent implementation of Governor Jerry Brown's prison realignment policy, county officials are debating what they can do with constrained resources to avoid replicating the prison overcrowding problem in county jails. Some are looking to adopt "family-centric" strategies to prevent recidivism. Produced by young reporters at Richmond Pulse and Silicon Valley De-Bug, these videos tell the evolving stories of six families.
The NCTSN Military and Veteran Families Program proudly announces the recently updated Military and Veteran Families and Children webpage. On this website, you can access products and resources
"There's no Such Thing as a Bad Kid in these Spokane, WA elementary schools". An article on the ACES TOO HIGH website on how Spokane, WA has changed its discipline policy to deal with the impact of trauma on student's lives.
An interactive website for health care providers to obtain information on how to become a trauma informed pediatrician. It provides tools, case illustrations and answers to questions.
New Webpages for Parents and Caregivers!
Parents and caregivers can play an important role in helping children and teenagers recover from traumatic events. The NCTSN is pleased to launch the redesign of our
ACES Too High news lifts up the findings in the Institute of Medicine report New Directions In Child Abuse and Neglect Research and how the Stil Face Experiement is still making an impact. This link has a copy of the still face experiment video which is 2 minutes long.
This page on the ESD 113, a school district in Washington state, offers links to several resources for how schools can help traumatized children learn.
This is a SAMSHA webinar by Christina Murphy of The National Center on Family Homelessness at American Institute for Research. The agenda covers: Homelessness for Families, Traumatic Stress, Trauma Informed Care, and Next Steps. It is approximately 60 minutes in length.
The Central Iowa ACEs Steering Committee's website with what is happening in Iowa around the ACE study.
This link will take school personnel and educators to a variety of resources designed specificaly for use in schools regarding trauma and trauma informed care.
Here is a good resource developed by CDC regarding strategies for promoting safe, secure and nurturing relationships. It presents an overview of the importance of implementing evidence-based practices, changing community norms and implications of policy change. It is primarily geared at reducing child maltreatment, but is certainly relevant to the work we are doing to promote early childhood mental health.
Every year millions of children undergo physical or emotional trauma. On this site you'll find free online courses that offer creative and practical approaches to understanding and working with maltreated children.
Strengthening Families is a framework developed by the Center for the Study of Social Policy (CSSP) to prevent child abuse and neglect by building five protective factors.
Stress balls can be a very useful tool for staff and consumers to relieve some tension. Making a stress ball can help focus attention and help with a sense of accomplishment. These are simple instructions on how to make a stress ball. There is a video at the end with another method.
The Juvenile Justice Resource Hub is a new comprehensive source of information on cutting-edge juvenile justice issues and reform trends. The content of this website is being developed in phases, so place the link in favorites and check back regularly for new material. It was created in partnership between the National Juvenile Justice Network, MacArthur Foundation, and Juvenile Justice Information Exchange.
Website Link to Ace Study.
National Child Traumatic Stress Network.
Website with Bruce Perry Articles through Scholastic.
Child Trauma Academy (Dr. Bruce Perry).
Tools to help with secondary stress.
A self administered test for individuals to assess their compassion fatigue.
A descriptive link about the adverse Childhood Experience Study.